As long as computers play a significant role in our corporate and personal lives, computer jobs will continue to thrive. A few decades ago, the computer industry was limited to software programming and hardware development, but now there are thousands of different computer jobs available, with no limit in sight. Sometimes, computer industry jobs are listed under "information technology."
Here are the broad categories of computer jobs:
Computer hardware - You probably know by now that "hardware" refers to the physical components of a computer, such as the keyboard, monitor, motherboard, and so on. Computer jobs in hardware may include the installation and manufacture of hardware, in addition to new product testing and trouble-shooting. Because technology changes so rapidly, job seekers need to stay informed about the latest developments.
Computer software - Software is the set of programs that make the computer work. People who develop computer software programs and solve programming problems are called computer programmers. Although still considered to be a great market, the Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts that employment of computer programmers is expected to decline by four percent through 2016. To remain competitive in the software category of computer jobs, you will need at least an associate's degree, though preferably you will have a bachelor's degree or higher.
Computer networking - This refers to connecting two or more computers for the purpose of communication, and includes LAN-local area network, MAN-metropolitan area network and WAN-wide area network. Wireless networking - using digital signal technology - is really hot right now.
Web development - The building and implementation of websites is called web development. Computer jobs in web development require fluency in computer languages like HTML and JAVA, and basic the artistic ability to lay out pages and arrange graphics.
Computer support staff - Around each of the above specialties, there are a whole slew of supportive computer jobs. These include data entry, database maintenance, customer service, systems administration, product testing, sales, helpdesk staff, and technical writing. Most of these require a working knowledge of computers and the ability to learn new information.
Last Updated: 08/20/2013